Monday, 24 October 2011

W-X-Y-Z

Wage

A wage:  manupretium, -i (Pl)

Wait

Make s.o. wait:  aliquem morari (T)
            I’m making my quests wait:  egomet convivas moror

To lie in wait for s.o./ s.t.:  aucupari aliquem/ aliquid  (Pl)

To lie in wait for s.o.  alicui imminere (F)

What are you waiting for? (i.e. why are you hesitating?)  Quid cessas? (T)  What am I waiting for:  quid cesso?  (Pl)

Why am I/ are you/ is he etc. waiting to.....?  Quid cessas + infinitive (Pl)
     Why are they waiting to give me their gifts?  quid cessant mihi dona conferre?

I can't wait to.....  gestio + infin (T)

To wait for s.o. to do s.t.:  expectare ut aliquis aliquid faciat (S)

To wait until:  expectare dum + subj (Pl)

To wait for s.o. until:  aliquem opperi dum +subj.  (Pl)
      I am waiting until my friend comes:  amicum opperior dum veniat

To keep s.o. waiting:  differre aliquem in diem (S)

Waiter

Head waiter:  triclinarius (P)

Walk

Walk-way/ promenade:  ambulacrum (AG)

To go out for a walk:  exire ambulatum

Have a good walk!  Bene ambula! (Pl)

Wake

Wake up! (ie., come to your senses!):  vigila!  (Pl)

Wall

To lean against a wall:  patronus parieti stare (Pl)

Wank

To wank:  praeputium ducere (J)

Want

Is that what you want?  Itane vis?  (T)

I'll do whatever I want:  faciam quidquid libitum erit animo meo (Pl)

To want desperately:  misere nimis cupere (T)

War

To declear war:  bellum indicare (H)

In war and peace:  militiae et domi (T)
     We always stood together in war and peace:  una semper fuimus militiae et domi (T)

Wardrobe

A woman’s wardrobe:  ornamenta, -orum (T)
            I’ll give some money for my daughter’s wardrobe:  pecuniam dabo filiae ornamentis.

Wares

To display one’s wares/ what one has to offer:  mercem gestare (H)

Warm

To warm up (before exercise / a game):  incalescere (Er)
      I haven't warmed up yet:  nondum incaluerunt vires.

Wary

Wary: cautus, -a, -um (T)

Unwary:  imprudens, -entis (P)

Was this the reason that...?

Was it for this that….?  ideo….?  (S)
            Was this the reason that I suppressed the civil wars?  Ideo civilia bella compescui?

Waste

To waste:  absumere/   aliquid perdere (T)

To be wasted:  ludi
            Time and effort is wasted:  opera luditur

To waste one’s time and energy:  oleum et operam perdere

To waste one's time and money:  tempus et rem perdere (Er)

Waste one’s efforts:  operam conterere (T)/  nugas agere (Pl)

Wasteful:  prodigus, -a, -um (AG)

To waste one's time:  operam perdere (S)
     You needn't fear that you wasted your time:  non est quod timeas, ne operam perderis.

Watch

To watch s.t. / s.o.  speculari aliquid / aliquem (L)   aliquid / aliquem spectare  (H)

Watch it!  Malo cave!  (Pl)   cave malam rem!  (Pl)

Just watch me (in a threat):  me specta modo (Pl)

To keep watch:  adservare (Pl)
      He should be keeping watch day and night:  adservaret dies noctesque

To keep watch:  in custodia esse (Pl)

Water

To throw cold water on s.t./s.o.:  aliquid/ aliquem suffundere frigidam aquam

Waver

To waver:  labascere (T) 

Way

That’s the way it is:  sic res se habet

The way things are (introducing a consequence):  ita res se habet... (Pl)
     The way things are, I have no wish to live:  ita res se habet, vitae haud parco.

To lose one’s way:  deerrare (Tr)/  via (abl) devertere (Lv)

To go out of one’s way:  devertere ad + gerund/gerundive (C)

To make one's way:  dare cursum.

A way out  / a solution:  exitus, -us (C)

On the way/ on one's way:  in itinere (T)  in cursu (Er)

I’ll find a way to…. inveniam aliquid ut…. (T)  

That way:  istius modi (T)
            I’m not surprised that you are that way…. Non miror te esse istius modi (T)

To get one’s way:  impetrare (T)

To be in s.o.’s way:  obesse alicui (AG)/  alicui obstare (H)

To be in s.o.’s way:  alicui officere

So, that's the way it is, is it?  Siccine hoc fit?  (Pl)

To be in the way:  obesse (Pl) 

To be in s.o.'s way:  alicui obesse  (Pl)

To get out of s.o.'s way"  abscedere (ab) aliquo (Pl)

Get out of my way!  abscede!  (Pl)

This way:  hac  (Pl)
    Go along this way:  i hac

To force one's way into:  impetum facere in + acc.  (Pl)

There is a way to....  est quomodo/ qui  + subj. (Pl)
      You did not think that there was a way I could get even with you:  non censebas mihi esse qui te ulciscerer.

In every conceivable way:  quoquo modo (Pl)

All the way:  usque (T)
     Come on, hork it up all the way:  age usque exsrea

In both ways:  in utramque partem (AG)
      The question has been answered in both ways:  queastio in utramque partem arbitrata est.

This is the way it is:  sic est (S)

Ways of the world:  mores publici (S)

In every way:  in omnibus modis (Pl)
     Poor people have a hard life in every way:  pauperes omnibus modis miseri vivunt.

There's no way that.... non est quod + subj (Er)
     But if anything happens, there is no way that you will ever again use me as your representative:  quod si quid accidat, non est quod me posthac utamini legato.

Weakling

A weakling:  enervis, -is (S)

Wealthy

Filthy rich:  saplutus, -i (P)

Loaded:  sucosus, -i (P)

A fat-cat:  babaecalus, -i (P)

Wear

To wear s.t. out:  aliquid conterere (Pl)   aliquid disterere (P)

Weather (Com JLR. 6)

De Meteoris et Novis Phaenomenis
      On Things Meteorological and Strange Phenomena

Vapores aquosi perpetuo sursum feruntur.
     Water vapour is always rising.

Ex his densatis fit nubes;  aut, si haec deorsum labitur, nebula.
      A cloud is created from these [vapours] when condensated;  or, if it drifts down, a fog.

Inde pluit, ningit, grandinat, gelat.
     From this it rains, snows, hails, freezes.

Plecas minutulis guttulis irrorat / substillat;  pluvia destillat lente;  largus imber dense devolvitur;  nimbus impetuose ruit.
     Drizzle sprinkles / drips with tiny droplets;  rain drops gently;  a heavy downpour falls thick;  a storm comes crashing down violently.    

Sin inter decidendum destillandumque gelascit, fit grando;  si incalescit nimium, uredo vel rubigo.  
       But if while falling and dropping it freezes, it becomes hail;  if it becomes too warm, blight or mildew.

Pruina est congelatus ros;  stiria, stilla rigens (quae rigore obduruit / obriguit);  drosomeli / melroscidum / melligo a quibusdam creditur saliva siderum congalescens.
      Hoar frost is frozen dew;  an icicle, a stiffened droplet (which has hardened with cold / become hard)  honey-dew is believed by some to be a jelly [congealing saliva] from the stars.

Nivium magna vis segetem operit, ne a gelu vel glacie quando glaciatur / algeat (nisi regalat, fiant gelecidia).
      A great deal of snow covers the cornfield [/crops], lest it freeze / be chilled with the frost or ice (unless it thaws, frosts occur).  

Aura lenis cum spirat, focillat nos, et gelata degelant.  ventus vehemens et impetuosus cum flat, quatit.  violentus et procellosus prosternit et proterit, quoquo se vertit.
      When a gentle breeze blows, it warms us, and thaws out what is frozen.  When a powerful and forceful  wind blows, it shakes [things].  A violent and stormy [wind] lays [things] flat and smashes [them], wherever it turns.

Cardinales (qui flant a quattuor mundi plagas) sunt Subolanus (Eurus, orientalis), Auster (Notus, Meridionalis), Favonius (Zephyrus, Occidentalis), Aquilo (Boreas, Septentrionalis).  collaterales, Vulturnus, Africus (Libs), Corus et Caecias.
     The principal [winds] (which blow from the four corners of the world), are Subolanus (Eurus, East Wind), Auster (Notus, South Wind), Favionius (Zephyr, West Wind), Aquilo (Boreas, North Wind).  The collateral/ side winds are Vulturnus [South-East], Africus [South-West], Corus [North-West], and Caecias [North-East].

Circuis et turbo in gyrum se mirifice circumagunt.
      A whirlwind and tornado whirl astonishingly.

Exhalationes sulphureae incensae edunt fulgura, fulgetra et chasmata.
       Sulphureous exhalations when kindled emit lightning, heat-lightening [sheet lightening?] and gaping holes.

Et tum caloris cum frigore pugna tonitrua ciet, cum fragore terribili.
       And then the conflict of heat with cold produces thunder, with its terrifying crash.

Emicans inde flamma fulmen nuncupatur (quod telum fulmineum sive lapidem ceraunium expellit/ exigit ac contorquet).
       The flame flaring from this is called lightening (which emits, expels and hurls out the thunderbolt or meteorite ("lightning stone").

Quod, sive sit urens, sive discutiens, sive terebrans momento se dissipat.  quidquid eo icitur aut afflatum corruit.
     Which, whether it is scorching, shattering or piercing lightning, dissipates in a moment.  Whatever is struck or blasted by it collapses.

Cum fulgurat, tonat, fulminat, quis non attonitus et sideratus pavescit?
   Whenever it flashes, thunders, lightnings, who, thunderstruck and planet-stricken, does not quake with fear?

Cometa / stella crinita numquam fulsit, quin sterilitatem inureret terris aut infectionem.
     A comet / haired star never shone without inflicting sterility or infection on the world.

Iris matutina, ut et halo (et parelius et paraselene, scilicet idolum solis aut lunae in nube ad latus eius positae resplendentis), caelum pluvium, nubilosum, turbidum aut dubium praesagit;  verspertina serenam tempestatem aut sudum praenuntiat. 
     A morning rainbow, as also a halo (and a mock-sun and mock-moon, that is a likeness of the sun or moon in a cloud placed shining to its side), foretells rainy, cloudy, rough or unsettled weather;  an evening rainbow betokens fair weather and a clear sky.

Week

A week from today:  die septimi (Pl) 

Weep

To weep for joy:  lachrimare gaudio (T)  

Weird

That's weird!  bombax!  (Pl)

Welcome

To welcome someone:  aliquem accipere (Pl)  aliquem recipere (S)

You're welcome:  factum volo (T)

Welfare

To care for s.o.'s welfare :  alicui consulere (Pl)

Well

Well, now!  quid nunc!

Well well!  hem! (Pl)

Well, then.... ( Drawing a conclusion, as in  A:. I believe that all men are mortal.  B:  Well, then.  You must believe that Socrates is mortal):  quid ergo?  (Petrarch LS)

To be fairly well:  valere commodo (Fr)

Might as well:  una opera (abl) (Pl)
      A.  Deceive me, deceive my wife!  B. You might as well order me to go fishing in the air:  Qua me, qua uxorem circumduce. B. Iubeas una opera me piscari in aere.

Wet

To wet the bed:  lectum commingere

What?!

What?!  Hem (T)

What’s going on?  Quid rei est?  (T) 

What's going on here?  Quid negotii hic est?  (Pl)

What for?  cui rei?  (Pl)

What if....?  Quid si...? (Pl)
      What if I call the slaves here?  quid si ego huc servos cito?

When

I remember when…  memini cum… + indic.  (P)

Whenever:  quoties (Er)

Where

Where is the world?  Ubi gentium? (Pl)  Also quo genitum, unde gentium, etc.

While

In a while:  post paulo

A while ago:  dudum (Pl)

A little while:  paulisper

Please, just for a little while!  Quaeso, paulisper (T)

While s.t. is / was going on:  inter + gerund (AG)
      While he was being flogged:  inter vapulandum 

For a while now:  iamdudum (T)
      He has been busy with something in the country for a while now:  iamdudum aliquid ruri agit.

Whine

To whine about s.t.: aliquid ogganire (T)
      She has something to whine about:  haec habet quod ogganiat.

To whine:  gannio, -ire (T)

Whisper

To whisper s.t. to s.o.:  aliquid alicui insusurrare (S)

Whistle

To whistle:  sibilare (HA)

Whitewash

To white-wash:  dealbare

Whoa

Whoa (expression of somewhat displeased/ disapproving surprise):  ohe (Pl)

Why

Why do you ask?  Quid enim?  (H)

This is why.... hoc est quod + indic.  (Pl)

Why is it that....?  quidnam est quod + indic.  (T) 

Wide

Widespread:  fusus, -a, -um (C) 
      Widespread superstition preys on our weakness:  fusa superstitio nostram delibilitatem occupat.

Wiggle

To wiggle one's butt:  nates intorquere (Ap)   nates quassare (Ap)

Wild

To run wild:  saevire

To run wild for s.t.:  in aliquid saevire

Will

Of one's own free will:  ultro (Pl)

De Voluntate et Affectibus  (Com. ILR. 29)
      On the Will and the Affections

Voluntatis est bona amare et velle, mala odisse et nolle.

Ex accidenti est, si cui haec placent, illa displicent, tum enim apparentia eam decipit, ut eligat deteriora, aut spernat quorum ignara est.

Ecce autem quam subiecta est affectibus;  quam identidem iis pertubatur.

Absunt bona, ea desiderat, optat, avet, bonorum desiderio intabescit, bene ominatur, anhelat, conatur et molitur, quidquid potest;   nihilo secius / nihilominus veretur.

Hinc desideria, vota, spes, studia, molimina, conatus, sollicitudo.  

Antequam adipiscitur, cum taedio fert etiam paulae morae intercapediam.  

Adsunt?  gestit aviditate, laetatur, gaudet, exsulit gaudio, oblectat se fruendo iis, amittere metuit.   

Inde hilaritas, laetitia, voluptas, iuncta tamen metui. 

Eripiuntur?   tristatur, dolet, queritur.

Hinc tristitia, paenitudo, querela, cordolium.

Magis vero mala eam inquietant et distrahunt.

Ventura enim abominant et aversatur ac declinat.  quae formidat tamen, unde tremit et anguitur.

Hinc aversatio, timor et formido, tremor et anxietas.

Advenientia pavescit, horret, trepidat ad ea, vel stupescit / stupet,  et exanimatur.

Inde pavor, horror, trepidatio.

Cum obvenerunt, irascitur interenti, maeret, deplorat et lugetillata.

Hinc ira, maestitia, luctus. 

Secus / aliter se habet in alienis bonis et malis.

Ibi fortunato gratulatur aut invidet.   his infelici commiserescit, eius vicem dolet, aut (si perversa est), exulat.  

Boni ignorantia neglectum et aspernatione, violatio zelum adfert;   satietas satiat et fastidium affert.  

Pudor est et verecundia, siquis ob turpia erubescit.   sed maeroris levamen erit, si cogites omnia omnibus accidere.  

Siquidem post Lapsum, ex innata / ingenita nobis corruptela, nihil in nobis integrum:  omnia (eheu!) mutila, manca, lacera.  


Willy nilly

Willy-nilly:  velit nolit

Win

You win:  superas (Pl)

To win over:  conciliare

Wind

To get wind of s.t.:  aliquid olfacere (T) 

Wind

To wind something around something:  aliquid aliqua re vincire (P)

Window

Picture window:  paries vitrea (P)

Wine

Harsh wine:  asperum (T)

Smooth wine:  lene (T)

White wine:  album (Pl)

Red wine:  atrum (Pl)

To serve wine:  cyathissare (Pl)

Wing

With wings spread:  alis patentibus (P)

Wink

To wink at s.o. (as a secret means of communication):  nictare alicui (Pl)

Wip

Wipping post:  verbero, -onis (Pl)

Wipe

To be wiped out (of one's money/ property):  exungui (Pl)

To completely "wipe the floor" with s.o.:  aliquem totum converrere cum pulvisculo (Pl)

Wise

Wise guy:  sapiens (Fr)

To be a wise guy:  sententias loqui (Er)

Wish

I wish!  Vellem quidem!  (T)

To wish s.o. well sincerely/ to have sincere good wishes to s.o.:  alicui ex animo bene velle (T)

To wish for most:  praeoptare (Fr)

As you wish:  ut libet (T)

You will get your wish:  tibi optata optingent.  (Pl)

Withdraw

To withdraw s.t. subtrahere aliquid

To withdraw money from the bank:  pecuniam tollere (H)

To withdraw (intrans):  concedere (T)
     I'll withdraw from here into this nearby alley:  hinc concedam in angiportum hoc proximum.

To withdraw into oneself:  in se recondi (S)

To withdraw from:  se subducere ab.... (P) (Er)
      He begged pardon and after paying his respects to the guests, he withdrew from the table:  precatus veniam ac salutatis convivis se a mensa subduxit.

Without

Not to do something without doing something else:   non facere aliquid quin + subjunctive (AG) (Fr)
     You cannot sleep without sleeping late:  non potes dormire quin prodormias

To do one thing without doing another:   ita facere ut non.....  (C)
       He reads without weeping:  ita legit ut non fleat.   

Wit

Wit:  urbanitas, -atis (P)

Witty:  dicaculus, -a, um (H)

Wittisicm(s): urbanitas, -atis (P)  facetiae -arum (T)  dicta docta (Pl)  dicteria (Er) 

Without

To do without/ go without:  carere (2) + abl. (Er)
      I'd rather do without money than beg from him:  pecunia carere malo quam ex eo rogare.

Wits

To keep one’s wits about one:  advigilare (T)  praesenti animo esse (Er)

To use one's wits to do s.t.:  gerere ingenium ad aliquid faciendum (Pl)

Wolf

To keep the wolf from the door:  frigus et famem propellere (H)

A ravenous wolf:  lupus hians (Er)

Womanizer

Womanizer:  moechus mulierum (AG)

Wonder

To wonder:  demirari (Pl) 
      I wonder what it is:   demiror quid sit 

Wool

To go wool-gathering (ie, to wander idly in one's thoughts) alucinari  (AG)

Word

To give one’s word (of honour):  dare firmitatem fidem (Pl)

To keep one’s word:  fidem servare (T)

To take s.o.'s word for s.t.:  credere alicui de aliqua re (Pl)

I couldn’t get a word out/ in edgewise:  verbum non potui proloqui (T)

Feigned words:  inventa verba

To breathe a word:  verbum muttire (Pl)

He is a man of his work:  huic fides est (T)

Honey words:  mulsa dicta (Pl)

Work

To go to work for someone else:  ire in opus alienum (Pl)

To work for someone else:  alienum negotium agere 

To set upon one’s work:  insistere negotium

To put s.o. to work at…. Aliquem exercere in…. (T)

To get down to work on something:  incumbere alicui rei (Fr)

An ordinary work day (as opposed to a holiday)  dies rerum agendarum (S)

Honest work / toil:  opera proba (AG)

To work for s.o.: alicuius negotium agere (S)

That's all in a day's work for me:  meo more facio (Pl)

Line of work/ trade:  quaestus, -i (Pl)

It worked!  successit! (Er)

Workshop

A workshop:  opificina, -ae (Pl)

World

The ways of the world:  publici mores (S)

To be on top of the world:  abiisse in caelum (P)

Worm

To worm one’s way in with s.o.:  se insinuare ad (Pl)

Worn

Worn out:  attritus (P)

Worth

Not worth.... -ing:   male + perf. part. passive:  (Pl).  Not worth having:  male habitum

Worry

Don’t worry:  aliud cura!  (T)

It worries me:  id mihi sollicitudini est (T)

To escape from one's worries:  se cura expedire (T)

Worse

There’s nothing worse for s.o./ s.t.:  nihil est alicui / alicui rei magis adversum

To be the worse for wear:  usu nimio nequior esse (Pl)

To change for the worse:  inclinari (P)
      As soon as your affairs change for the worse, away go your friends:  ubi semel res inclinata est, amici de medio.

To change (morally) for the worse:  virtutes invertere (H)

To make s.t. worse:  aliquid depravare (T)
     There is nothing that can't be made worse in the telling:  nil est quin male narrando possit depravari.

So much the worse:  tanto nequior (T)

Worthless

To be worthless:  nihili esse (Pl)

Worthless:  ficulnus, -a, -um (Er)

Wow!

Hui!  (T)  papae! (T)

Wreck

To be a wreck:  exanimatus esse (T)
            Pamphilus is a wreck:  Pamphilus exanimatus est
Write

To finish writing:  perscribere

To put s.t. in writing:  aliquid litteris mandare (S)

Wrong

If anything goes wrong:  si quid adversi evenerit (T)

To do wrong/  go wrong:  delinquere  (Pl)  (T)

To do s.o. wrong:  in aliquem peccare (T)

To do wrong:  perperam facere (AG)

To go wrong:  peccare (S)

To put right a wrong:  peccatum corrigere (T)

Yeah

Yeah, right!  (expression of incredulity):  credo!  (Er)

Year

It's been .... years since:   iam ... anni sunt postquam + indic.
    It's been two years now since I left home:  iam biennium est postquam domo abii.    

Yes

Yes, by all means:  ita omnino (Er)

Yes, indeed:  immo ita est (Pl)   admodum (Pl)

A yes-man:  assentator, -oris (Pl)

Yesterday

Yesterday:  hesterno (i.e. die) (Aus)

Yesterday’s:  pridianus (AG)

Yet

And yet:  et tamen (AG)  atque adeo (Pl)

Nor yet:  neque adeo (Pl)

Not yet (in response to a question):  non etiam (Pl)

Young

To be young and strong:  integra aetate esse (Er)

A young buck:  arietillus, -i (P)


Yummy

Yummy:  esculentus





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