Monday, 24 October 2011

S

Sacred

Nothing is sacred:  nihil sacrum (Er).  Grk:  oude hieron. 

Sacrifice

To sacrifice o.s/ money/ one’s life:  prodere se / pecuniamvitam (T)

Sad

Sadly:  male (H)
     He's sadly puny:  ille male parvus est

Saddle bags 

A pair of saddle bags:  bisaccium 

Safe

To be on a safe footing:  esse in tuto (T)

This is not a safe place for....  hic locus non est tutus ad... (T)

Sail

It’s now smooth sailing:  omnis res iam est in vado (T)

Salary

Small salary:  mercedula –ae (Sen)

Sale

For sale:  venalis, -is, -evenalicius, -a, -um

Same

They’re all the same:  omnes congruunt (T)

Same old  

You are your same old self….  (te) antiquum obtines  (T)

Sanity

To restore sanity (to an insane situation):  sanitatem restituere (F)

Sarcasm

Sarcasm:  mordacitas (Pl)

Satirize

To satirize:  defrico, -are, -ui  (H)

Satisfy/ satisfaction  

Satisfactorily:  ex sententia (Er)

To satisfy s.o.:  aliquem explere (T)
            So many people taking trouble to satisfy my needs:  tot solliciti ut me expleant.

We are not satisfied with what we have:  nostri nosmet paenitet (T)

To get satisfaction:  satiari (L)

To be satisfied:  expleri (Pl)

To be satisfied with something:  aliquid boni consulere (AG)

I am satisfied with my job:  muneris me non paenitet (Er)

To satisfy:  satis facere + dat.

Saucy

Saucy:  protervus, -a, -um (Er)

Save

To save money:  pecuniam compescere (T)  pecuniae parcere (Er)

To save one’s life:  pro corpore (H)
            He payed money to save his life:  dedit hic pro corpore nummos

To save s.o.'s life:  aliquem sospitare (Pl)
 
Say

You don’t say!  quid ais? (T)

You said it!  exlocutus es! (T)

To say nothing of the fact that….  ne addam quod + indicative (T)

Not to say a word:  nullum verbum facere (T)

To say over and over again/ to keep on saying:  dictitare (T)

There's s.t. in what he says:  est aliquid quod dicit (T)

A saying:  adagium (AG)

To say s.t. premeditated:  ex praeparato loqui (S)

Don't say a thing like that!/ Bite your tongue! :  melius ominare!  (Pl)

When all is said and done:  postea (T)
     Doesn't this seem fair to you,when all is said and done?  nonne haec iusta tibi videntur postea?

Scandal

That's scandalous!  haecin flagitia!  (T) 

Scapegoat

A scapegoat:  pharmacus, -i (?) (P)

Scene

To make a scene:  convicium facere (T) 

Scheme

A crazy scheme:  audacia (T)/  audax facinus (T)

A scheme:  inceptio (T)

A scheme/ trick:  techna, -ae (T)

To concoct a fabulous scheme:  parare magnas machinas (Pl)

Scold

To scold s.o.:  castigare aliquem (Pl)

Scour

To scour:  defricare (Er)
     He scoured the dishes:  vasa defricavit.

Scraggy

Scraggy:  strigosus, -a, -um   (Columella) (Er)

Scramble

To scramble for s.t.:  aliquid diripere (Quint)
     They scrambled for the dice thrown into the middle:  talos in medium iactos diripuerunt.

Scrape

To scrape together (money, etc.)  corradere (T)

Scratch

To scratch one's head:  caput scabere (3) (Er)

Screw

To screw s.o. (i.e., have sex with:  emphasis on the physical act)  aliquem terere permolere (H)

To screw s.o. (i.e. to harm/ debase) aliquem irrumare

To screw s.t. up:  aliquid concacare (S)

Scruple

To have scruples about doing ….  Vereri + inf. (Pl)

Scrupulously:  fastidiose (S)
     The army scrupulously chooses those whom it accepts for toil and danger:  castra, quos ad laborem et periculum recipiant, fastidiose legunt.

Over-scrupulous:  superstitiosus (Er) 

Scrutinize

To scrutinize s.t.:  aliquid scrutor, -ari /  aliquid pervidere (H)

Scum

The scum of the earth:  mortalis minimi pretii (Pl)   faex populi (C)

Seal

To seal a document/ letter:  signare (+ acc) (F)

Seating

Seating arrangement:  accubitus ordo (E)

Second

To put s.t. second:  aliquid posterius ponere (Pl)

To find out at second hand:  quaerere foris (AG)

Secret

Secretly:  clandestino (Pl)

To reveal secrets:  occulta expromere (T)

To keep s.t. secret:  aliquid occulte ferre (T)

Secure

To feel secure about s.t.:  esse securum de aliqua re (P)

Seductive

Seductive:  delenificiens (Pl)

See

I see (used ironically when you think s.o. is lying to you)   scio (T)

Seeing that…. quandoquidem + indic. (Er)/  quando  + indic. (Pl)

To see to s.t.:  aliquid curare (T)
            I’ve seen to that:  id curavi.

To see to it that s.t. is not done:  cavere ne + subj.

To want to see s.o.:  aliquem velle (Pl)
     I want to see Demaenetus:  Demaenetum volo.

Let's see if we can....  experiamur + infin.  (T)

That's how I see it:  sic mihi videtur (T)

See someone off (on a journey):  aliquem producere (T)

Self

Self-confidence:  confidentia (AG)

Self-defeating:  periculum sui faciens (S)

Self-interest:  utilitas, -atis (Cic).  cura utilitatis suae (S)

In one's own self-interest:  ex re sua (Pl)
      You will be acting in your own self-interest:  ex re tua facies.

Self-sufficient:  se (ipso) contentus (S)

You are your same old self….  (te) antiquum obtines  (T)

Selfish

Selfishness/ selfish-need:  utilitas, -atis (S)
    No selfish need of his own draws him into friendship:  ad amicitiam fert illum nulla utilitas sua.

Semi-learned/ half-educated

A semi-learned/ half educated person:  literator (AG) (A truly learned person is a literatus)

Semi-educated:  semidoctus -a, -um (AG)

Senile

To be senile:  aetate desipere (AG)

Sensation

De Sensibus Externis (Com. ILR. 26)
      On the external senses.

Caleat an frigeat quid, tangendo;   humidum an siccum prensando;  durum an molle, comprimendo; leve and apserum, attrectando;  grave an leve, tollendo;  periculum fac et comperies.
      Experiment and you will find out whether something is hot or cold by touching it;  wet or dry by grasping it;  hard or soft by pressing it;   smooth or rough by feeling it;  heavy or light by lifting it.

Palpando quaerimus quod non conspicamur.
      We grope for what we do not see.

Atque iste est primus sensus, tactus.
      And this is touch, the first sense.

Gustus sapores dignoscendi facultatem habet.
       Taste has the ability to tell flavours apart.

Nam saccarum dulce est, absynthium amarum, acetosa oxalisve acida, piper acre, labrusca acerba, immatura / immitia et silvestria poma austera, quaedam plane insipida.
         For sugar is sweet, wormwood is bitter, sorrel or sour-dart is tart, pepper is keen / biting, the wild grape is sour, green apples and crab apples harsh, [and] some things are absolutely without flavour..

Olfactus / odoratus odores, qualiter quid oleat, internoscit / olfacit.
       Smell discerns / smells how something smells.

Moscus enim (qui cruor est circa umbilicum zibethi collectus) fragrantiam exhalat;   assa vel adusta caro nidorem;  morticina et cadavera taeterrimum foetorem:  spiracula mephitim, gravissimum ac pestiferum spiritum.  pili subalares redolent hircum / hircosum.
      For musk (which is blood collected about the navel of a civet cat [/ muskrat?], gives out a scent;  roasted or scorched meat, an [unpleasant] smell / "reek";  carrion and dead bodies, a very noisome stench;  ground shafts, a noxious vapour, a very offensive and pestilential exhalation.  Arm pit hair smells like a goat/ goatish.

Mucida,  senta , putida, putrida, rancida (cuiusmodi lardum esse solet et arvina), foetent / sordent.
     Musty [/ mouldy], tainted, rotten, putrid, rancid things (like bacon and grease tend to be), stink / have a filthy smell.

Auditu sonos discernimus.  etenim sonus ex solidorum collisione editus, auriculis exceptus per tortuosos ac flexuosos anfractus transmittitur ad aerem congenitum, juxta cerebellum.
       We discern sounds by hearing. For a sound produced by striking together of solid objects, picked up by the ear lobes is transmitted through the twisting and bending windings to the innate air [?] next to the brain.

Contrarii sunt risus et fletus, plausus (manus complosae) et planctus, iubilum et gemitus, suspiria, singultus, susurrus, et vociferatio / exclamatio.  
      Contrary sounds include laughter and crying, applause (a stiking together of the hands)  and loud lamentation [or perhaps, beating of the breast], shouts of joy and moaning, sighing, sobbing, murmuring [ / whispering] and shouting / exclaiming.

Tonus repercussus et resonans, echo dicitur;  nullus, silentium.
    A reflected and resounding tone is called an echo.  No [sound] is called silence.

Colores, quorum albus et niger extremi sunt, reliqui intermedii, visu (qui tamen hallucinari potest, nisi oculos intenderes) discriminamus sic:
    Colours, of which white and black are the furthest apart, the rest intermediate, we discern by sight (which however may be mistaken, if you do not exert your eyes) in this way:

Pix est atra, Aethiops fuscus, passer pullus, anser aquilus, castanea spadicea / badia.
      Pitch is coal-black, a black person is swart, a sparrow brown, a goose dark grey, a chestnut chestnut-brown / bay.

Inter caerulea, caryophyllon dic hyacinthinum, violam ianthinum, suggillationem lividam, cyanum cyaneum, felinos oculos caesios / glaucos, quaedam subcaerula.  
       Among blue things, call the gilly-flower a dark purple-blue;  the violet of a violet colour;  the mark of a bruise, black-and-blue;  the herb blue-bottle of an azure/ sky-blue / bright-blue;  cats eyes of a grey-blue;  some things bluish.

Inter viridia, quercetum herbeum, pinetum prasinum, pontum hyalum / venetum / vitreum.  
      Among green things, a grove of oaks is grass-green;  of grove of pines is leek-green;  the sea is sea-green.

Rubra sunt:  leo fulvus,  minium puniceum, coccum coccineum /  purpureum, flamma rutila, sanguis rubicundus.  nonnulla rubida, quaedam rava.
      Red things include: the tawny / dun-coloured lion, dark-red vermillion / red-lead,  crimson scarlet dye, a fire-red flame,  dark-red blood.  Some things are reddish / ruddy;  some are russet.

Lutea sunt aurum flavum, cadaver exsangue luridum, later semicoctus gilvus / helvus.
       Yellow things include bright-yellow gold, a dead-yellow bloodless carcass, a whitish yellow / sallow half-cooked brick.

Albi denique species sunt russus, cinereus, pallidus, lacteus, canus, candidus, niveus, scutulatus, vulgo noti.   sed quaedam sunt discolora, versicolora, decolora.  
       Finally the kinds of commonly-known white include white-red / carnation / flesh-colour, ash-white, pale-white, milk-white, hoary, bright white, snowy white, dapple-grey.  However some things are party-coloured motely-coloured / pied / speckled, of changing colour [and] of a faded, washed-out colour.
     
Sense

It doesn’t make sense:  non cohaeret (T)

To have no sense at all:  nihil sapere corde (Pl)

To come to one’s senses:  resipisco –ere –ui (P)

Sense of humour

A sense of humour:  festivitas (AG)

To say/ do s.t. with a sense of humour: aliuid festiviter dicere/ facere (AG)

Sensible

Sensibly/ with good sense:  sobrie (AG)

To be sensible:  sapere (Pl) (Er)  cordatus essementem sanam sumpsisse (Pl)

Sensible:   sapiens, -ntis (Pl)/  cordatus, -a, -um

Separate

To separate s.o./ s.t. from s.t. aliquem/ aliquid ab aliqua re secludere (Pl)

Separation (between two people):  seiunctio -onis (Er)
     If our friendship had developed for common reasons, I would be rather afraid that it would, if not have ended, at least cooled down, by so long a separation:  si amicitia nostra vulgaribus causis coiisset, vererer nonnihil, ne ea tam longa seiunctione, si non interisset, certe refrixisset.  

Serious

To speak seriously:  dicere serio (Pl)

But seriously/ but all joking aside:  tandem vero serio (Pl)

But seriously:   sed extra iocum (Er)

I'm not joking, I'm being serious:  non rideo quidem, immo rem ipsam dico (Er)

Servant

Your humble servant:  servus tuus (P)

Serve

That serves you right:  ita meritus es (T)/   dignus es (T)

To serve a purpose:  usum praebere (H)

To serve (food or drinks):  apponere (Er)

To serve a ball:  pilam mittere (Er)

A serving (e.g. of food) portio -onis (Er)

To take a small serving:  portiunculam decerpere (Er)

Service

Service:  opera, -ae (Pl)

I’m at your service:  hanc operam tibi dico (T)

To be at one’s service:  praesto esse alicui (Pl)

Services rendered for cash:  opera pro pecunia (Pl)

To be of service to s.o.:  alicui servire (Pl)

To do s.o. a service:  operam alicui dare (T)

A service:  obsequium, -i (Er)

To do a service:  obsequium praebere / obire / perficere / agere (Er)

Set

To set about doing s.t.:  adgredi + indirect statement (Fr).

To set out to do s.t.:  instare aliquid facere (T)

To set a day:  diem praestitere (F)

To set s.t. up:  aliquid instruere (Pl)
      He is setting up a hot-drinks stand:  thermopolium instruit

A set (of people):  sodalitium, -i (Er)
     The academic set:  sodalitium academicum

Settle

To settle a dispute amicably:  componere cum bona gratia.

To settle a dispute inamciably:  componere cum mala gratia.

To be unsettled:  parum sedere (S)
     My judgement is not very settled:  iudicium meum parum sedet.

Several

Several:  complures (T)  compluscul, -ae, -a (AG)

Sex

Ask for/ sollicit sex:  rogare stuprum (P)

Have sex with s.o./ “hump” s.o.:  aliquem tero, -3, trivi, tritum

To have sex with s.o.:  aliquem permolere (H) 

To have hot and heavy sex with s.o.:  cum aliquo proeliari (Ap)

To sleep with s.o: (sexually) aliquem accumbere (Pl)

A night of sex:  nox spurca (Pl) 

A sexual relationship:  vesticontubernium (P) (?  litterally, a partnership under the covers:  this word may be a copyist's mistake)

To have sex/ wallow in sex:  volutare (P)

To have sex with s.o./ mate with s.o. (of a man):  aliquam inire (Suet)

To change / switch sexual partners:  equum mutare (P)

Shabby

Shabby (in appearance): sordidatus, -a, -um (Pl)

Shame

It’s a shame:  flagitium est (AG)

What a shame!  facinus indignum!  (C)

To be shameless:  minimum habere frontis (Er)

To be without shame/ bashfulness:  perfrictae frontis esse (Er)

Shape

To shape (a literary/ artistic piece) tornare (Fr)  

To shape (a physical item) figurare 
       Eggs shaped out of flour:  ova e farina figurata (P)

Share

To share s.t. with s.o.:  aliquid cum aliquo partiri (Pl)

To share s.t. with s.o.:  aliquid communicare cum aliquo (S) (F)

Shave

Smooth-shaven:  rasus, -a, -um (Pr)

Shine

To shine on s.o.:  alicui illucescere (3rd p.p.: illuxi)

Shipwreck

To be shipwreched:  naufragium facere (S)
     I was already shipwrecked before I could get on the ship:  antequam navem ascenderem, naufragium feceram

Shirt

Shirt:  tunicula, -ae (P)  indusium (Er), camisiaae (LL)

Sh*t

Not to give a sh*t about s.o./s.t.:  aliquem/ aliquid non flocci facere (Pl)  (T)

Sh*tty:  stercoreus (Pl)

You piece of sh*t!   sterculinum!  (T)

Shock

To be shocked:  consternari (Fr)

Shocking:  atrox (Fr)

To be shocked:  expavidus esse (AG)
      Amazed and shocked at such impudence:  tali impudentia ictus expavidusque

Shoes

To take off one’s shoes:  soccos detrahere (Fr)/  calceos extrahere (Fr)

Wearing shoes:  calceatus (Fr)

Shoo

To shoo something away:  aliquid abigere (Pl) (C) (Er)
      He shooed the flies away with a whisk:  muscas scopulo abegit.

Shoot

To shoot (a projectile)  mittere (S)

Short

In short/ in sum:  denique (Fr)/  postremo (T)

In short:  quid multis? (Pl)  ad summam (P) Short for:  quid multis verbis opus est?

Make it short!  expedi verbo (T)  ad summam!  (P)

Short:  contractus, -a, -um (S)

Short cut  

A short-cut:  compendium, -i (Pl)  compendaria, -ae:  (Er)

To take a short-cut:  compendium facere (Pl)

To take a short-cut to happiness:  felicitatis compendium facere (Pl)

Should

Should / should have:  aequum est / aequum fuit + indirect statement (T) 
     You should have said this and stuck to it:  aequum fuit te hoc dicere et id defendere. 

Shove

To shove in:  culare in (P. hapax)
      He bought some rams and shoved them into his heard:  arietes emit et eos culavit in gregem.

Show  

To show up:  prodire (T)
            I showed up at the funeral:  in funus prodii (T)

To show off s.t.:  aliquid expromere (AG)
     He showed off his archaic and unknown vocabulary in everyday conversations:  voces priscas et ignotas in cotidianis sermonibus expromebat.

Showy (ostentatious)  ambitiosus, -a, -um (S)

To show off:  caudam iactare (Pr)

This goes to show:  hinc scies ...+ indir. statement (P)

Shower

To shower someone with s.t.:  aliquid ingerere alicui (S)

Shrewd

Shrewd:  scitus, -a, -um (T)

Shrewd:   prudens, -tis (F)
      This shrewd arrangement was no doubt the reason for the victory:  haec tam prudens ordinatio non dubie causa victoriae fuit.

Shriek

To shriek:  stridere

Shrill

Shrill:  acidus, -a, -um (P)   Paratissimus puer me acido cantico excepit.  A slave readily took my order with a shrill song.

Shudder

I shudder to think of it:  contremisco cogitans (Er)

Shut

To shut s.o. out of doors:  aliquem foras excludere (Pl)

To shut s.o. in:  aliquem occludere (Pl)

Shy

To be shy/ bashfull:  verecundae frontis esse (Er)

Side

One’s own side of the story:  sua iusta –orum (T)

On one side:  in una parte (AG)

On all sides/ from all sides:  undique (F)
      They fought on all sides:  undique pugnabant 

To go/ walk side by side:  pariter ire/ incedere (S)

A side (in a game / competition):  pars, partis (Er)
     Whichever side first wins three matches, the loosing side  will buy them a beer:  utra pars prior evicerit tres lusus, ei victa cervisiam comparabit.

To choose sides (by lot):  partes sortiri (Er)

Side glances   

Side glance:  eversa cervix (T)

Side-kick

A side-kick:  congerro, -onis (Pl).  Possibly, parasitus, -i (Pl)

Sight

In plain sight:  in conspectu (F)
      He had the enemy camp in plain sight:  habuit in conspectu castra hostilia


To withdraw out of one’s sight:  concedere ex ore alicuius (T)

To catch sight of s.o./ s.t   conspicere aliquem/ aliquid

Out of sight:  ex conspectu (Pl)

Sight-seeing  

To go sight-seeing:  lustrare oculis (totam urbem) (P)

Sign

To sign a check:  subsignare syngrapham 

Signal

To give a signal to s.o. by a nod:  alicui innuere (Pl)

Signed, sealed and delivered   

Signed sealed and delivered/ fait accompli:  factum transactum (T)
            It’s all signed, sealed and delivered:  facta transacta omnia (T)

Silent

To fall silent:  obticere (AG)

Silly

Silly:  insubidus, -a, -um (AG)  

Silly:  inscitus, -a, -um (Pl)
      It's silly of me to expect to control my master:  ego inscitus sum qui domino meo postulem moderari.

Silly boy!  Morus es (AG)

Since

Since the time that….  Ex quo (tempore) + indic. (S)

Since then:  postillac (Pl)

Since (ie. seeing that/ on account of the fact that):  quando (Pl)

Since:  iam inde ab (T)
      Since childhood:   iam inde a puero 

Sincerely

Sincerely:  ex animo (Er)

Single

Single life:  aetas vidua (Pl)

Sit

Sit at the head of the table:  superior accumbere (Pl)

Sit down to dinner:  accumbere mensae (Er)  discumbere (P)

Situation

In such unfavorable circumstances:  in tanta rerum inquitate (C)

A critical situation:  res dubiae res perditae / res afflictae (C)

To be placed in an embarrassing situation:  in angustiis adduci (C)

To be in a difficult situation:  in difficultibus versari (C)  in angustiis versari (C)

The situation makes it necessary to….  res ita fert ut… (C)

The situation has got to the poit that….  res eo deducta est ut….  (C)

I’m in the situation that….  incidi in eum locum ut…. (T)

In this situation:  in hoc tempore

In such (a difficult) situation:  in tali tempore   

This is my situation:  in hoc loco sum (T)

This is the situation:  ita res se habent (C)

An awkward situation:  locus iniquus (F)

Skim

To skim over s.t. (in speaking/ writing about s.t.):  aliquid percurrere (H)

Skin

Thick skin:  callum, -i

To be comfortable in one's own skin:  sibi commodus esse (T)

All skin and bone:  strigosus, -a, -um (Columella) (Er)  

Skip

To skip town/ skip the country:  abire exulatum (Pl)

Skirmish

A skirmish:  proelium leve (F)

Slack

To slacken one's efforts:  defetisci experiri (T)

A slacker:  cessator, -oris (AG)

Slackness:  dissolutio, -onis (S)

Slander

A slander:  obtrectatio, -onis (Er)

Slap

To bitch-slap s.o.:  aliquem depalmare (A.G.)

Slavery

Recently released from slavery:  pilleatus, -a, -um (P)

Sleazy

Sleazy (i.e., morally) perfidus, -a, -um (H)

Sleep

To sleep soundly:  arte dormire (C)

To sleep late:  in lucem dormire (C) perdormire (Fr)  prodormire (Fr)

Fall asleep:  obdormire (C) condormiscere (Pl)

Drift off to sleep:  in somnum labi (P)

Dozing:  semisomnis (Er)

To need a lot of sleep:  multi somni esse (Fr)

To sleep the whole night through:  perdormiscere usque ad lucem (Pl)

To sleep with s.o. (sexually):  accumbere aliquem  (Pl)

To sleep off a hangover:  crapulam edormiscere (Pl)

To "sleep" on s.t. (ie. to leave off thinking about s.t. until tomorrow):  indormire alicui rei (Pl)

Not to get a wink of sleep:  somnum non videre (C)

Slight

Slight:  modicus, -a, -um (Fr)

Slip

Slip up / make a mistake:  titubare (Pl)
    
Slip-up:  There's been a slip up:  titubatum est (Pl)
      I'll know if there has been a slip-up:  iam sciam, si quid titubatum est (Pl)

To give s.o. the slip:  se subterducere alicui (Pl)

Slipper

Wearing slippers:  soleatus (Fr)

Slow

He’s a bit “slow.”  tardiusculus est (T)

Sly

On the sly:  clanculum

Small

Rather small:  minor (T)

Smart

Smart:  catus, -a, -um (Er)

Smart/ prudent/ sensible:  cordatus (P)

It’s smart to….  scitum est + infin. (T)   consultum est + inf (Er)

Smash

To smash in pieces:  diffringere (Pl)

Smell

To smell of s.t.:  olere aliquid/ obolere aliquid (Pl)  (T)
      My son smells of cologne:  filius olet unguentum.

To smell of garlic:  obolere alium (Pl)

To smell like a goat:  olere hircum (H)

To smell good:  bene olere (P)

Smoke

To blow smoke in s.o.’s eyes:  fuliginem ob oculos iacere

Smooth

A smooth operator:  homo suavis (T)

Smut

“smut”:  spurcitia, -ae/ spurcities, -ei (Pl)

Snap

To snap one's fingers:  digitos concrepare (P)

Snare

To snare:  inretire (Fr)

Snatch

To snatch s.t. away from s.o.  aliquid alicui praeripere (Pl) 

Sneak

To sneak:  subrepere (Pl) 

To sneak away from s.o.:  se subducere (Pl)/ se surripere alicui (Pl)

To sneak:  clam ire (Pl) 

Sneakily:  clamclanculum

Sneer

A sneer:  cachinnus rigidus (Jv)   sanna, -ae (Pr)  nares uncae (H)

To sneer at s.o.:  aliquem naso adunco suspendere (H)

Sniff

To sniff (like a dog) odorare

To go sniffing around:  ire odorans

So

How so?  Sic? (T)

So far:  adhuc  (T)  usque adhuc (Pl)  hactenus (Er)  huc usque (Er)

So far so good:  bene habent principia (T)

So far/ up to now:  usque adhuc (T)

So long as:  tantisper… dum (T)

So much:  so much for that:  eatenus (Pl)

So much so that...  adeo ut + subjunctive (Pl)

So what?  Quid tum?   Quid ergo (P)

And so? (expecting more information , an explanation /conclusion etc):  quid tum postea? (T)

Sober

Sober (i.e. serious-minded) siccus, -a, -um (Pl) 

Social

Social life:  convictus –us (Pl)

Social sense/ sense of tact:  communis sensus (H)
     He is absolutely without a social sense:  communi sensu plane caret

One's social superior:  erus, -i,   era, -ae (Pl)

Solution

To find a solution to a problem:  invenire remedium malo (T)

Somewhat

Somewhat (adverbial):  nonnihil (T) 

Somewhere   

Somewhere:  uspiam (Pl)

Soon

Too soon:  numero (Pl)

Sophistical

Sophistical:  captiosus, -a, -um (AG)

Sophisticated

Sophisticated:  captiosus, -a, -um (AG)

Soft

To be too soft on s.o.:  alicui nimium indulgere (T)

Solve

To solve (a riddle):  expedire (Fr)

Soon

How soon?  quam mox? (Pl)
     How soon will lunch be ready:  quam mox prandium coctum est?  

Sore

To touch a sore spot (metaphorically):  ulcus tangere (T)
      What was less helpful than touching this sore spot and mentioning his wife?  Quid minus utile fuit quam hoc ulcus tangere aut nominare uxorem?

Sorry

Sorry state of art:  lutea Minerva (Fr)

Sort

Sort of person:  idoneus
            He’s the sort of person you can make a fool of:  idoneus est quem illudas (Pl)

As sort of:  quasi (T)
            They left me here as a sort of teacher:  me reliquerunt quasi magistrum

That sort of person:  huiusmodi homo (T)
       He knew I was that sort of person:  sciebat me huiusmodi esse.

Sounding

Archaic-sounding style:  oratio antiquitatem redolens (C)

Space

To give s.o. his space:  dare locum alicui (T)

Spade

To call a spade a spade:  derectum loqui (P)

Spare

Spare no expense:  sumptum non parcere (Pl) 

Spare no effort:  operam non parcere (Pl)

To use something sparingly:  parcere alicui rei  (Pl)

Speak

Speak of the devil!  lupus in fabula!  (T) 

Spectacle

To make someone into a sad spectacle:  aliquem ludos pessimos facere (Pl)

Speech

Speech impediment:  lingua debilis (AG)

Speed

At top speed:  magno cursu (S)

Spend

To spend:  impendere (Fr)  insumere (Er)

To spend the day:  diem adtero, 3, -trivi, -tritum (Fr)

To spend the day in happiness:  diem in laetitita agere (T)

To spend/ pass one’s life:  vitam transigere (S)

To spend acc. to one’s income:  facere sumptus pro questu (H)

To spend money:  pecuniam erogare (Lv)  facere sumptum

Spic and Span

To be spic and span:  nitere (2) (Er)
     Make the whole house spic and span:  fac ut niteat tota domus

Spirit

To be small-/mean-spirited:  parvi animi esse (H)

Spit

To spit s.t. out:  despuere aliquid (Pl)

To spit out wine after tasting it:  pytissare (T)

Spite

In spite of me/ you/ him etc:  me/ te/ illo invito (Pl)

Split

To split s.t. up the middle:  aliquid medium dividere (H)

Spoil  

To spoil s.t.:  ruere aliquid (T)
            Don’t spoil anything by being careless:  vide sis ne quid imprudens ruas (T)

To spoil s.t.:  corrumpere aliquid (H)
            Pleasure spoiled by a lot of pain:  multo corrupta dolore voluptas

Spoiled (of a person):  nimium delicatus (Pl)
      I have spoiled you:  nimium te habui delicatum.

To spoil s.o.:  aliquem perdere (T) 
     Why are you spoiling our boy?  cur perdis adulescentulum nostrum? 

Spontaneous

A spontaneous impulse:  ingenuus impetus (Fr)

Spot

On the spot (space:  there on the spot;  of time:  do it on the spot):  ilico   

Spread

To spread a story around:  fabulam perferre (AG)

To spread (intrans) (of a disease):  serpere (S)
       My sores, if not completely healed, have stopped spreading:  ulcera, quae etiam si persanata non sunt, serpere desierunt.

Spur

To spur a willing horse:  hortari sponte currentem (J)

Spurious

Spurious: insitivus, -a, -um (Phaedrus)

Spy

To spy on s.o./ s.t.:  aliquem/ aliquid observare (Pl)

A spy:  Corycaeus -i (Er)
    Spies are everywhere:  Corycaeis plena sunt omnia.

Squabble

A squabble:  seditio (T)  litigium, -i (Pl)

To squabble with s.o.:  tumultuare cum aliquo (Pl)

Squander

To squander money:  argentum conficere (T)

To squander money/ life:  pecuniam/ vitam perdere (T)

To squander something:  aliquid dilapidare (T)   aliquid profundere (T)  nepotari aliquid  /  absumere aliquid (Pl)/  oblimare aliquid (H)  congraecari aliquid (Pl)

Squint

To squint:  oculos interndere (JB)

Stab

To stab s.o.:  aliquem tranverberare (F)

Stage

A stage:  gradus, -us (S)
     One day is a stage in life's journey:   unus dies gradus vitae est.

Stake

To be at stake:  periclitari (Er)

To play for stakes:  periculo certare (Er)

Stamp

To stamp one's foot:  pedem supplodere (S)

Stand   

To stand aside:  concedere (T)

To stand fast:  constare

To stand up to s.o.:  alicui adversari (T)

Stand on guard:  stare in statu (Pl)

Stand up for s.o.:  cum aliquo stare (T)

Stand (i.e. bear/ endure) s.t.:  aliquid perpeti (Pl) 
     I can easily stand some other girl being with you:  aliam tecum esse facile perpeti possum

To do s.t. standing up:  aliquid facere adstans (Pl)

To stand apart:  in recessu stare (F)
       They stood apart like spectators:   in recessu spectantium more stabant. 

To stand behind s.o. (literally):  alicui a tergo consistere (Er) 

Standard 

 Standard practice:  disciplina –ae
            It’s standard practice for those same people who seek access to the mistress to give presents to the maid first:  disciplina est isdem munerarier ancillas primum, ad dominas qui affectant viam (T)

Stallion

Stallion (including in the sexual sense):  admissarius (Pl)

Stare

To stare at s.o./ s.t.:  oculos in aliquem / aliquid intentare (P)

Start

To start all over again:  redire ad integrum (T)

Starting point:  illic, ubi abire (H)

To start with:  in principio (T)
     Why don't you go up to him and say something soothing to start with:  sed quid cessas hominem adire et blande in principio alloqui?

Starting gate

A starting gate:  carcer, -eris (Er)

Startle

To startle s.o.:  aliquem consternare (Sal)
     He startled the horses:  equos consternavit.

Stay

To stay with friends:  divertere/ diverti apud amicos (T)

Stay where you are!  consiste! (T)

To find a place to stay:  divertere (F)
      The son of Antigonus found a place to stay in the house of a woman whose three daughters were remarkable for their beauty:  filius Antingoni divertit in mulieris domum, cui tres filiae insignes specie erant

Steel

To steel oneself to do s.t.  durare aliquid facere (P)  I steeled my self to ask a question:  duravi interrogare illum

Stern

A stern character:  praefractis moribus (Er)

Stick around

To stick around somewhere:  alicubi haerere (T) 

Stick out

To stick out:  exstare (H)
    His nose was sticking out:  nasus eius exstabat

Stimulate

To stimulate:  excitare (Er)

Stingy

Stingy:  parcus, -a, -um (AG)  sordidus, -a, -um (H)

Stinginess:  sordes, -ium (Er) 

Stomach

An iron stomach:  cornea fibra (Pr)

Stop

To put a stop to s.t.:  modum facere alicui rei (Pl)

To stop doing s.t.:  remittere + infin (T)
            If you thought about it, you would stop troubling me with unjust demands:  si cogites, remittas me onerare iniuriis.

To stop doing s.t.:  desistere + infin  (Pl) (H)  

To stop (doing s.t) until s.t. happens:  desistere (aliquid facere) quin + subj (Pl)
      I'll never stop until I find her:  numquam desistam quin eam inveniam.

To stop oneself from doing s.t.:  se reprehendere ne + subj.

Story

To make up a story (ie. false tale, lie) that....  comminisci + indirect statement (T)

To tell the whole story from start to finish:  rem omnem narrare ordine (T) 

Stout

Stoutly:  obnixe (T)

Straggle

To straggle/ wander about:  dispalari (AG)

Straight

I’ll go straight there:  eo recta via illuc (T)

Straight(a)way:  nunciam (Pl)

To stand up straight:  se componere in rectum corporis statum (Er)

Straight-faced

To keep a straight face:  vultum componere (Er)

Straight-forward

To have a straight-forward  character:  simplex esse (H)

Straight-laced

Straight laced:  vincto pectore (T)
     Straight laced girls:   vincto pectore virgines

Strange

Strangeness:  insolentia, -ae (AG)

Stranger:  extraneus, -i  (Suet).

Strategy

A strategic position:  opportunitas loci (F)

Straw

The last straw:  stillarium (S)  (literally, the last drop)
     He bribed the jury and on top of that, as the last straw he demanded sex with matrons and noble youths:  nummos iudicibus dedit et strupra insuper matronarum et adulescentium nobilium stillarii loco exegit.

Street

At the end of the street:  in ultima platea (T)

To go up the street:  ire platea sursum (T)

Strength

At full strength:  universis viribus (F)

Stretch

To stretch one's limbs:  nervos distendere (Er)

Strip

To strip s.t.:  stringere aliquid (H)

To strip off one’s clothes:  exuere vestes

Stripped:  spoliatus, -a, -um (P)

Stripe

Striped:  virgatus, -a, -um (S)

Stroll

To stroll:  deambulare (T)

To go for a stroll:  ire deambulatum (T)

Strong

To be very strong:  gladiatorius esse (Er)

Struggle

To struggle with s.t.:  conflictare cum aliqua re.  (e.g. maloadversa fortuna) (T)

Strung

To be strung up:  pendere (T)
            To be strung up and whipped:  plecti pendens

Strut

To strut:  inambulare (Pl)

Stub

To stub one’s toe:  detundere digitum (pedis)  (Ap)

Stumble

To stumble on (i.e. to find unexpectedly):  offendere + acc/  incidere in + acc

Stupid

Stupid/ foolish:  subidus (AG)

To do s.t. stupid:  stulte facere (Pl)

Style

Style (of a writer):  oratio, -onis (C) (S)
     Heraclitus, the obscurity of whose style gave him his surname:  Heraclitus, cui cognomen fecit orationis obscuritas.

Plane style:  siccitas orationis (C)/  verborum tenuitas (C)

In the grand style:  sublimiter (Fr)

Subject  

Subject matter:  materia, -ae (Fr)

Substructure

A substructure:  substructio (AG)

Subtelty

Subtelty:  argutiae, -arum
  
Success

Unsuccessfully:  improspere (AG)

Successfully:  prospere (T)
      The business turned out successfully:  res prospere evenit.

To succeed in doing s.t.:  adsequi ut aliquid faceret (F)

Not to have much success:  parum procedere (F)

To be flushed with success:   tumidus successibus esse (F)

Suck

To suck up to s.o.:  subigitare aliquem (Fr)   subblandiri alicui (Pl)

Sue

So sue me:  (mecum) agito lege  (Pl)

Suffer

Suffering:  labor, -oris (Pl)

Suffice

To suffice/ be enough for:  suppetere + dat (Fr)
            This is enough for me for dinner: haec mihi sufficit ad cenam

Suggest

A brilliant suggestion:  dixisti pulchre (T)

A good suggestion!  Bene mones!  (Pl)

An excellent suggestion!  pulchre mones (Er)

To make a suggestion:  consilium dare

To suggest that s.t. be done:  censere aliquid faciendum (Pl)

To suggest that….  admonere ut… (C)   censere + indir. statement (T)

Supper

To go to bed without supper:  decumbere incenatus (Pl)

Supply

To supply s.o. with s.t.:  sufficere aliquid alicui

To supply s.t.:  suggere aliquid (T) 
      Why do you supply the expense for these things?   cur his rebus sumptum suggeris?

Support

To support a wife and children:  coniugem liberosque tolerare (F)

To support a family:  familiam sustentare (T)

That's very supportive of you:  secunda mihi facis  (Pl) 

Suppose

To suppose some hypothetical case:  ponere (T)
     Suppose he loses his case:  pone eum esse victum.

Surely

Surely:  certo (Pl)
      Surely that was a woman's voice:  certo vox muliebris fuit

Surface

A flat surface:  area, -ae (AG)

Surprise

To suprise s.oo./ to take s.o. by surprise:  aliquem opprimere (Pl)

Surreptitious

Surreptitiously:  surreptim (Pont)

Sure

I know for sure:  pro certo sciopro certo habeo

I don’t know for sure:  non certum scio (T)

I’m sure:  pro certo habeo

I’m quite certain:  satis certo habeo (T)

To make sure that... not....  cavere ne (Pl)
      Make sure you don't drop it:  cave ne id demittas

To be sure/ sure that:  sat scire / sat scire + indirect statement (T)

Survive

To survive s.t./ s.o.:  superesse alicui rei/ alicui  (Pl)

Suspect/ suspicious

To be suspicious of s.o.:  aliquem suspectum habere

I suspect that:  mihi subolet + indirect statement (T)

Suspense

In suspense:  suspensus, -a, -um  (C) (Ap)

To hold someone in suspense:  aliquem suspensum tenere (C) 

Swear

I swear:  ita me di ament (T)
            I swear that I am delighted not so much for my sake as for hers:  ita me di ament, ut non tam mea causa laetor quam illius (T)

Swear-words:  textorum dicta (P)

Sweat

Sweat over s.t.:  insudare alicui rei (Pl)

To work up a sweat:  consudare (Fr)

Sweep

To make a clean sweep of s.t.:  detergere aliquid (Pl)

Swig

To take a swig:  sorbere (Pl)

Swim

Swimming pool:  lavacrum, -i (AG)

Swindler

A swindler:  sychophanta, -ae (Pl)   fraudulentus (Pl)

Sympathy

Sympathetic (ie. understanding and sympathizing with another's personality)  morigerus -a, -um (Pl)

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